Adults should do some type of physical activity every day. Any type of activity is good for you. The more you do the better. The following advice is from NHS England.
- aim to be physically active every day. Any activity is better than none, and more is better still
- do strengthening activities that work all the major muscles (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms) on at least 2 days a week
- do at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity a week or 75 minutes of vigorous intensity activity a week
- reduce time spent sitting or lying down and break up long periods of not moving with some activity
What counts as moderate aerobic activity?
Moderate activity will raise your heart rate, and make you breathe faster and feel warmer. One way to tell if you’re working at a moderate intensity level is if you can still talk, but not sing. Examples of moderate intensity activities include brisk walking, water aerobics, riding a bike, dancing, doubles tennis, pushing a lawn mower, hiking.
What counts as vigorous activity?
Vigorous intensity activity makes you breathe hard and fast. If you’re working at this level, you will not be able to say more than a few words without pausing for breath. In general, 75 minutes of vigorous intensity activity can give similar health benefits to 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity.
Most moderate activities can become vigorous if you increase your effort.
Examples of vigorous activities include jogging or running, swimming fast, riding a bike fast or on hills, sports, skipping, aerobics, martial arts.
What activities strengthen muscles?
To get health benefits from strength exercises, you should do them to the point where you need a short rest before repeating the activity. It is best to get a chartered physiotherapist or qualified personal trainer to advice you on this.
There are many ways you can strengthen your muscles, whether you’re at home or in a gym and this includes lifting weights, using resistance bands and body weight exercises (such as press ups).
Always gain advice from a qualified professional before starting a new exercise programme or if there is a change in your health status.
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